Adelaide was a unique experiment in colonisation by the British. Settlers were sent out in 1936 to what was to be a "slice of Civilisation" in the Antipodes. Convict settlement had proven costly to maintain and in the long term unsuitable.
Our coastline had been discovered by Matthew Flinders and Nicholas Baudin in 1802 (see the main menu) and the stage had been set for the establishment for a new system of colonisation - The Systematic Colonisation - developed by Edward Gibbon Wakefield. The first pioneers arrived in 1836 to etch a future in the Colony of South Australia.
Colonel William Light, as Surveyor General, surveyed its capital - Adelaide - posting the plan in 1837 for all to see. These early colonists and their children enjoyed many social innovations an events with the first newspaper being published in 1837, the first winery established in the Barossa Valley in 1847 (now a hugely successful industry in S.A.), The Education Act of 1875, to women given the right to vote in 1894.
Professor Richard Blandy "Finding Our Future in the Past"